Wolfgang Eckart (Unversity of Heidelberg)
Wolfgang Eckart’s paper explains some of the main functions of medical and natural history illustrations in this period of a crucial scientific pictorial turn at late 17th century taking the Miscellanea curiosa medico-physica Academiae Naturae Curiosorum (1670-1700) and book-illustrations of two of their important contributers and members of the Academiae Naturae Curiosorum (Philipp Jakob Sachs von Löwenheim, 1627-1972, and Salomon Reisel, 1624-1701) as a representative source. The example chosen is an emblematic adjunct to the book-title of Löwenheim’s ΓΑΜΜΑΡΟΛΟΓΙΑ (Breslau, 1665). Two banners explain the author’s attitude towards his subject. Of course the emblematic image has to be read as a disposition of the book as a whole. It indicates that Sachs is going to present a complete natural history of crustaceans throughout history using the authority of old scholars and their books from antiquity up to modern times as literary sources as well as the book of nature itself.